Selected Internet Resources on the Aryan Migration Theory (AMT) Debate

(e-papers, e-books and web pages)


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Compiled by

Francesco Brighenti, PhD

Independent Scholar


Those who have come directly to this web page may also wish to read the short Introduction to the AMT Debate Resources.


It should be pointed out that, given the relative ease with which one can post information on the internet, there is often wide diversity in the accuracy of the information presented. The AMT Debate is a highly technical subject that involves specialized research from many disciplines. Yet for many people it is also emotionally charged with strong political, nationalist and religious overtones. In order to try to accurately portray the many perspectives on this issue, Dr. Brighenti has chosen to present, free of editorial comment, this subset of the vast resources on this subject available on the internet. It is up to the reader to judge for themselves the reliability of the opinions of the various writers.




Section Titles


Aryan Migration Theory (AMT) vs. Out-of-India Theory (OIT) - Part 1   / 

Aryan Migration Theory (AMT) vs. Out-of-India Theory (OIT) - Part 2   / 

 Archaeology of the Harappan (Indus Valley) Civilization  / 

Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex (BMAC)  / 

Writing & literacy in Indus civilization / 

Linguistic prehistory of India  /  Astronomy and the dating of the Vedas

  /  Horses, chariots and Vedic Indians  /  Sarasvati River  / 

Science, mathematics and iron technology in ancient India  / 

Afro-Dravidian connections /  Austro-Asiatic connections  /

 Genetics & prehistoric migrations of the Indian sub-continent  / 

Sunken cities off the Indian coasts?  / 




Main e-papers, e-books and web pages focused on the

AMT (Aryan Migration Theory) /

AIT (Aryan Invasion Theory) vs. OIT (Out-of-India Theory) /

‘Vedic Harappa’ Theory controversy



Agarwal, V. - What is the Aryan Migration Theory?

Agarwal, V. - The Aryan Migration Theory: Fabricating Literary Evidence

Agarwal, V.-response to Witzel's article 'Ein Fremdling im Rgveda' (JIES, Vol. 21, No. 1-2)

Agarwal, V. - on R. Thapar's book Ancient India: A Textbook History for Middle Schools

Agrawal, D. P. - Demise of the Aryan Invasion Theory

Agrawal, D. P. - The Indus Civilization = Aryans Equation: Is it really a Problem?

Aryan Invasion Theory - article from Wikipedia, the free online encyclopaedia

Aryan Invasion Theory Myth - digest of articles from the Hinduism Today website

Bibliography on the AMT vs. OIT debate - 
compiled by L. Hess from fall 1996 discussion on RISA-L 
[some comments from the List discussion are included]

Bryant, E. - A Response to ‘Questioning the AIT and Revising Ancient Indian History’

 by K. Klostermaier

Chengappa, R. - The Indus Riddle - from India Today - list of e-articles countering the ‘Vedic Harappa’ theory

Danino, M. - The Indus-Sarasvati Civilization and its Bearing on the Aryan Question

Danino, M. - Vedic Roots of Early Tamil Culture

Deivanayagam, M. & D. Devakala - Is Indus Valley Civilization Dravidian or Aryan?

- defends the assumption that the Harappans were mainly ethnic Dravidians

Some Earliest Traces of the Aryan: Evidence from the 4th and 3rd Millennium B.C.

Derakhshani, J. - - from Iran & the Caucasus V (pdf file)

Deshpande, M. M. - abstracts from the volume Aryan and Non-Aryan in South Asia

(ed. J. Bronkhorst & M. M. Deshpande)

Dom, H. - Myth of One Hindu Religion Exploded

index page of Dr. Dom’s ‘Ambedkarian’ e-book published online at the website

Elst, K. - Update on the Aryan Invasion Debate - contents page of Dr. Elst’s e-book

Elst, K. - Aryan Invasion Theory and Politics: The Case of David Duke

Elst, K. - The Politics of the Aryan Invasion Debate

Elst, K.- The Vedic Evidence

Elst, K. - review of B. Sergent's book Genèse de l'Inde

Elst, K. - review of R. Kochhar's book The Vedic People

Elst, K. - review of S. Oppenheimer's book Eden in the East

Elst, K. - review of the volume Aryan and Non-Aryan in South Asia

(eds. J. Bronkhorst & M. M. Deshpande)

Elst, K. - Are Indian Tribals Hindus? [Ch. 9 of Dr. Elst’s 2001 book Who is a Hindu?]

Ethnogenesis of Indus Sarasvati Civilization

[from the website] a digest of posts from the Abhinavagupta List

compiled by S. Visuvalingam

Frawley, D. - The Myth of Aryan Invasion of India - index page of Dr. Frawley’s e-book

Frawley, D. - Myth of the Aryan Invasion (update 2001)

Frawley, D. - The Myth of Aryan Invasion of India - from The India Times

Frawley, D. - The Aryan-Dravidian Controversy

Frawley, D. - The Aryan Invasion Theory and Hindu Politics

Frawley, D. - Scholarship or Prejudice? - from The Hindu

Frawley, D. - Witzel’s Philology - from The Hindu

Frawley, D. - Witzel’s Vanishing Ocean - from The Hindu

Fussman, G. - Histoire du monde Indien

-         abstracts from the workshop ‘Les Aryas en Asie centrale, en Iran et en Inde’

-         Collège de France, 2001) [pdf file]

Giri, B. V. - The Myth of the Aryan Invasion - an ISKCON perspective

Hooker, R. - Ancient India - homepage of Dr. Hooker’s Indological website

Indian History Congress, Kolkata session, 2001 - résumé article from Frontline

Indus Valley and the Coming of the Aryans - links posted by D. Scott

International Conference on Revisiting Indus-Sarasvati Age (Atlanta,1996) - abstracts

Kak, S. - On the Chronological Framework for Indian Culture [pdf file]

Kak, S. - The Indus Tradition and the Indo-Aryans

Kak, S. - The Aryans and Ancient Indian History

Kak, S. - Is the Aryan-Dravidian Binary Valid?

Kak, S. - Indic Ideas in the Graeco-Roman World  [pdf file]

Kak, S. - Akhenaten, Surya and the Rgveda [pdf file]

Kak, S. - The Vedic Religion in Ancient Iran and Zarathushtra [pdf file]

Kak, S. - The Vedic Gods of Japan [pdf file]

Kak, S. - The Mahabharata and the Sindhu-Sarasvati Tradition

Kak, S. - Edmund Leach on Racism and Indology

Kalyanaraman, S. - Sarasvati-Sindhu - site map of Dr. Kalyanaraman’s Indological website

Kalyanaraman, S. - Sarasvati-Sindhu Civilization (c. 3000 B.C.)

Kalyanaraman, S. - Sarasvati Civilization - Vol. 1 - an e-book in PDF format [pdf file]


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